1.1 Artificial Intelligence: Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider intelligent. The ability to create intelligent machines has intrigued humans since ancient times, and today with the advent of the computer and 50 years of research into AI programming techniques, the dream of smart machines is becoming a reality. Researchers are creating systems which can mimic human thought, understand speech, beat the best human chess-player, and countless other feats never before possible.
Navigation of Mobile Robots is a broad topic, covering a large spectrum of different technologies and applications. It draws on some very ancient techniques, as well as some of the most advanced space science and engineering. While the human-machine interface is not yet at a transparent level, the degree of autonomy available after a machine has been program is now approaching that once considered purely science fiction.
This report draws together the fundamentals in mobile robotics and how it could effect our daily lives in the near future.
2.1 Artificial Intelligence: Artificial Intelligence, or AI for short, is a combination of computer science, physiology, and philosophy. AI is a broad topic, consisting of different fields, from machine vision to expert systems. The element that the fields of AI have in common is the creation of machines that can "think". In order to classify machines as "thinking", it is necessary to define intelligence. To what degree does intelligence consist of, for example, solving complex problems, or making generalizations and relationships? What about perception and comprehension? Research into the areas of learning, of language, and of sensory perception has aided scientists in building intelligent machines. One of the most challenging approaches facing experts is building systems that mimic the behavior of the human brain, ma...